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The Complete Guide and Care Tips for Brussel Sprout Plants
Brussel sprouts have been a staple of European cuisine for centuries.
These tiny green cabbages are packed with vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that can be beneficial to our health.
But growing brussel sprouts takes patience, care, and attention to detail.
In this article, we will provide you with a complete guide on how to grow and care for your brussel sprout plants.
Choosing the Right Location
When choosing the right location for your brussel sprout plants, it is important to look for an area that receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.
The soil should also be well-drained and rich in organic matter.
- If possible choose a spot where previously tomatoes or squash were planted because they add nutrients back into the soil that are needed by Brussel sprouts.
- Avoid planting them in areas where brassicas such as kale or broccoli were grown recently because they share diseases making your plant more susceptible.
Starting Your Seedlings
You can start your seedlings indoors about six weeks before transplanting them outside.
Sow seeds ¼ inch deep in peat pots using seed starting mix (a mixture of vermiculite peat moss perlite).
Keep the soil moist until germination (7-10 days).
After germination keep seedlings under grow lights so they receive at least 12 hours of light daily.Gradually adapt the seedlings first by reducing indoor temps gradually over four days then place outdoors in evening shade on mild days over another week.
Finally plant outdoors once temperatures remain above freezing; however protect from frosts using floating row coverings which will also protect from pests.
Planting Your Brussel Sprout Seedlings
When planting your brussel sprout seedlings, dig a hole deep enough so that the soil reaches the first set of leaves.
Place each seedling in its own hole, about 24 inches apart.
Water immediately after planting and throughout the growing season until it is time to harvest
Caring for Your Brussel Sprouts
Brussels sprouts grow best in cooler temperatures between 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit; they can withstand light frosts but do not like heat above 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Mulch your garden bed to retain moisture.
- Water regularly using drip irrigation or soaker hoses.
- Fertilize with nitrogen-rich fertilizer weekly or use compost at least once per month.
- Weed regularly to prevent competition for nutrients and water.
- Tie stems together as they develop taller to avoid being blown over by winds when grown outdoors.
Harvesting Brussel Sprouts
Your brussels sprouts are ready to harvest after about three months of growth when their leaves become dense and their buds reach up-to an inch in diameter.
Always Harvest them from the bottom up (bottommost being larger) because the lower ones mature earlier than those higher up on plant .
Growing brussels sprouts requires patience, attention-to-detail, and commitment.
By following this guide you will be able to produce healthy plants that yield delicious cabbages full of nutrients for you and your family’s dietary needs!