Chiltepin Pepper Plant : Complete Guide And Care Tips

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The Chiltepin Pepper Plant: A Complete Guide and Care Tips

If you’re a fan of spicy food, the chiltepin pepper plant is a must-have in your garden! This tiny pepper packs a punch and is perfect for adding heat to salsas, sauces, and other dishes.

In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about growing and caring for chiltepin pepper plants.

What is a Chiltepin Pepper?

The chiltepin pepper (Capsicum annuum var.

glabriusculum) is a wild chili that grows throughout Mexico and the southwestern United States.

It’s also known as the “bird’s eye chili” or “chile tepin” in Spanish.

These peppers are small but mighty – only about 1/4 inch in diameter – but they pack a lot of heat.

They’re rated between 50,000-100,000 on the Scoville scale (a measure of spiciness), making them one of the hottest peppers out there!


How to Grow Chiltepin Peppers

  • Choose your location: Chiltepin peppers prefer full sun (at least six hours per day) and well-draining soil.
  • Sow seeds: Start your seeds indoors six weeks before your last frost date.

    Plant them 1/4 inch deep in seed-starting mix or soilless potting mix.

  • Transplant seedlings: Once your seedlings have two sets of true leaves, transplant them into individual pots or containers with well-draining soil.
  • Harden off plants: About two weeks before planting outside after all danger of frost has passed, gradually introduce your plants to outdoor conditions by placing them outside for a few hours each day and increasing the time each day.
  • Plant: Plant your chiltepin pepper plants 18-24 inches apart in rows that are at least 3 feet apart.

    Make sure to plant them so the soil level is the same as it was in their pots.

  • Maintain: Water your pepper plants regularly and keep an eye out for pests like aphids or spider mites.

    Fertilize every four weeks with a balanced fertilizer (10-10-10).

Caring for Chiltepin Peppers

In order to produce an abundance of peppers, you’ll need to take good care of your chiltepin pepper plants.

Here are some tips:


  • Water: Chiltepin peppers require regular watering – about an inch per week.
  • Fertilize: Fertilize every four weeks with a balanced fertilizer (10-10-10).

    Stop fertilizing once fruit starts forming on the plant.

  • Pests and diseases: Aphids, spider mites and whiteflies can be harmful to these small sized chilies.

    Make sure you wash off fruits thoroughly before consuming them.

Frequently Asked Questions About Chiltepin Peppers

How do I harvest chiltepin peppers?

You can harvest chiltepins when they’re green or red depending on preference – green ones tend to be less spicy than red ones.

Simply pluck them off the plant when they’re ripe.

Be aware that their heat level may vary from year-to-year based on growing conditions.


What are some good recipes for chiltepin peppers?

If you’re looking to add a kick of heat to your dishes, chiltepin peppers are perfect! Try using them in salsas, soups, stews or sauces.

You can even make a spicy margarita with them!

The Bottom Line

The chiltepin pepper plant is a great addition to any garden.

These tiny but mighty peppers pack a lot of heat and are perfect for adding spice to dishes.

With the right care and attention, you can grow an abundance of these flavorful little peppers!


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