The Estragon Plant: The Complete Guide and Care Tips
Are you looking to add a fragrant and flavorful herb to your garden? Then look no further than the estragon plant! Also known as tarragon, this herb is a favorite among cooks for its distinct anise-like flavor.
But before you rush out to buy some estragon seeds, read on for our complete guide on caring for this unique plant.
What is Estragon?
Estragon (Artemisia dracunculus) is a perennial herb that belongs to the sunflower family.
It has narrow green leaves that are long and slightly curved, growing up to 3 feet tall.
This herb has a unique flavor profile which can be described as sweet with hints of licorice or anise.
Types of Estragon Plants
There are two main types of estragon plants:
- Russian Tarragon: This type of estragon grows very quickly but lacks the strong aroma and flavor found in French tarragons.
- French Tarragons:This variety produces more volatile oils than Russian tarragons making it preferred for culinary purposes.
Growing Estragon Plants
Estragons grow best in full sunlight in well-drained soil with pH levels between 6.5-7.5.The easiest way to get started with growing your own plants is by purchasing seedlings from your local nursery or garden center instead of planting seeds.
Tips For Growing Estragons
- Sow the seeds indoors around six weeks before transplanting them outdoors during late spring after frost danger subsides.
- Add a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to conserve moisture and keep weeds at bay.
- Water your estragon plants regularly, but avoid overwatering as this may cause root rot.
- Prune it during fall and cut back on the stem by about half its length to encourage growth during spring.
Caring for Estragon Plants
Estragons are easy to care for but require attention to maintain and flourish.
Here are some essential tips:
- Avoid using chemical fertilizers when planting estragons as this can affect their flavor profile negatively.
- Add organic matter like compost or well-rotted manure every year in spring, which improves soil fertility, water holding capacity and drainage.
Estragons are generally pest-resistant; however, some common pests may attack them:
- Scales: These pests suck sap from your plants’ stems, causing damage; you can control them with insecticidal soap.
- Aphids: The tiny insects feed on leaves; spray undersides with neem oil or insecticidal soap.
Harvesting Estragon Plants
You should start harvesting estragon once they reach 10 inches tall.
You can harvest it multiple times in a season making sure always leaving enough leaves behind for photosynthesis.
Estragon is an herb that adds flavor and fragrance to any garden.
With proper care such as suitable soil conditions pruning, watering needs met , you will be able to enjoy fresh estragon whenever you want! So go ahead and add this unique plant to your garden today.