sesame plant : Complete Guide and Care Tips

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The Sesame Plant: A Complete Guide and Care Tips

When it comes to garden plants, sesame might not be the first thing that springs to mind. However, this versatile plant has a lot going for it. From its nutty seeds to its beautiful flowers, sesame is a great addition to any garden. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about growing and caring for sesame plants.

What is Sesame?


Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is an herbaceous annual plant that belongs to the Pedaliaceae family. It’s native to Africa but has been cultivated in many parts of the world since ancient times. The plant can grow up to six feet tall and has oblong leaves and small bell-shaped flowers that come in shades of white, pink, or purple.

Why Grow Sesame?


  • Sesame seeds are edible and used in cooking all over the world.
  • The oil extracted from sesame seeds is also used in cooking as well as cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
  • Sesame plants are attractive with their beautiful flowers making them an excellent choice for ornamental gardens.
  • Their deep roots make them drought-tolerant which means they require less water than other garden plants.

How To Grow Sesame Plants


Growing sesame from seed is relatively easy as long as you have well-draining soil and plenty of sunlight:

  1. Select a Location: Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil where your sesame plants will receive at least six hours of direct sunlight each day.

    sesame location
  2. Prepare the Soil: Sesame plants prefer well-draining soil with a pH between 5.5-6.5. Add compost or organic matter to improve soil quality and drainage.

    sesame soil
  3. Sow Seeds: Sow sesame seeds directly into the soil about half an inch deep, one inch apart, and in rows spaced about two feet apart.

    sesame seeds
  4. Water Regularly: Sesame plants require consistent watering for healthy growth but should not be over-watered as they can be susceptible to root rot. Water when the top inch of soil feels dry.


Care Tips for Growing Sesame Plants

  • Fertilize: Apply a balanced fertilizer every four weeks during the growing season.
  • Mulch: Mulch around your sesame plants to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  • Prune: Trim back any yellow leaves or dead flowers to encourage new growth.
  • Pests and Diseases: Sesame is relatively pest-free but can suffer from fungal diseases if grown in wet conditions. Avoid overhead watering and provide good air circulation around your plants.

Sesame Harvesting Tips

You’ll know your sesame plants are ready to harvest when the leaves and stems turn yellow. Cut the whole plant at ground level, and hang it upside down in a dry, well-ventilated area until the seeds are completely dry. Once they’re dry, you can remove the seeds from their pods by rubbing them gently between your hands. Store your sesame seeds in an airtight container in a cool, dark place.

In Conclusion

Growing sesame is easy and rewarding thanks to its many uses as both an edible crop and ornamental plant. With proper care, you can enjoy fresh sesame seeds straight from your garden or use them to make delicious dishes like tahini or gomashio. Happy gardening!

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